The Effect of Kutaneus Stimulus (Slow-Stroke Back Massage) and Music Therapy of Anxiety Levels Inpatient Pre Operations in Mardi Waluyo Blitar Hospital
Keywords:anxiety, slow-stroke back massage, music therapy, pre surgery
Surgery will cause the patient to experience various stressors. Stressors that appear can be psychological stress such as anxiety. Someone who experiences severe anxiety tends to hamper the operation process; the patient will be short-tempered, and irritable. This study aims to determine the effect of a cutaneous stimulus (slow-stroke back massage) and music therapy on anxiety levels in preoperative patients at Mardi Waluyo Blitar Hospital. This research uses a quasi-experimental design. The number of samples in this study was 36 respondents who were divided into three groups, namely the slow-stroke back massage group, music therapy, and a combination of both. The sampling in this study is nonprobability sampling with a purposive sampling approach. This research uses statistical analysis test Paired T-Test and Anova Two Way. Paired T-Test results showed a p-value of 0,000 <α (0.05), which means there is a significant effect between slow-stroke back massage, music therapy, and a combination of both of them on the level of anxiety in preoperative patients. ANOVA Two Way test results found that the p-value 0.307> α (0.05) with no significant difference in effect between groups of slow-stroke back massage, music therapy, and a combination of both of them on the level of anxiety of preoperative patients. Cutaneous stimulus (slow-stroke back massage) and music therapy significantly reduce anxiety levels in preoperative patients. Meanwhile, there is no significant difference in effect between cutaneous stimulus (slow-stroke back massage).